Root canal therapy a.k.a. endodontic therapy is a treatment method used to treat the infected pulp of a tooth. It would help to eliminate the infected parts of the teeth. It also protects the decontaminated part of the teeth from future microbial invasions. Tooth infections are caused by leaky fillings and tooth decay. Damaged teeth due to trauma can also cause infections. Nowadays, with the breakthrough of technology, various dental treatments are created. One of these is the aforementioned root canal therapy. Root canal treatment is used in such cases to restore the health of the tooth. This article provides a comprehensive overview of what root canal therapy is all about.
A tooth has two parts which are categorised as the crown and the root. The crown is the part of the tooth that is visible in the mouth. On one hand, the root is buried inside the bone of the jaw. The hard outer coating of a tooth is called the enamel. Dentine is the softer part that forms the tooth. The dental pulp is the soft material situated at the centre of a tooth. Cementum is the material that coats the root’s surface. The root canal therapy would contain the dental pulp. It will extend from the crown to the root of the tooth. In fact, a single tooth may have more than one root canal for that matter.
The pulp of a tooth consists of soft tissues. These are made of blood vessels and nerves. This is the part which could get infested by bacteria. The bacteria would spread across your mouth if immediate action is not taken. This is where the root canal treatment would be extremely effective. During such treatment, the infected pulp is removed. The dentist will carefully clean and disinfect the inside of your tooth. The cavity is sealed after filling it with gutta-percha, which is a rubber like material. Afterwards, the tooth would be restored with a filling or crown for further protection. This tooth would continue to function similar to any other healthy tooth for that matter.
The contemporary root canal treatment is quite simple. It can be completed within two sessions the most. It is quite similar to having a routine filling for that matter. The experience would be quite comfortable, before and after the procedure. But this may depend on various factors. Some of these are the condition of your teeth and your general health condition. The root canal treatment will help you save your natural teeth. Once the treatment is over, you can go on with your normal chewing and biting activities. You would receive the usual biting and chewing sensation after a root canal treatment session.
The root canal treatment method will help to protect your teeth from excessive strain and wear. It will definitely help to maintain your natural smile. This way, your self-esteem as well as your self-confidence will increase in leaps and bounds. The durability of the procedure is quite commendable. A tooth that undergoes a root canal treatment will last as long as other natural teeth. It may last for a lifetime for that matter.
Your dentist will most probably refer you to an endodontist for the root canal treatment session. They are dental specialists who are dealing with the dental pulp or the nerves of the teeth. The dentist will first give you a local anaesthetic. Then to protect your tooth from bacteria in the saliva, the dentist will place a rubber dam around the tooth that is being treated. Lastly, the dentist will make an opening in the tooth to reach the damaged pulp. Using delicate dental equipment, the dentist will remove the damaged pulp from your tooth. Now the cavity will be cleaned and sealed with the filling. That is how root canal therapy simply works.